Trauma

Question Answer
What is the definition of trauma? It is the physical injury or wound caused by an external force or violence
Trauma accounts for approximately ___ % of requests for prehospital EMS. 30
Trauma can basically be broken down into two categories; they are __________ and _________ trauma. Blunt, Penetrating
____% of trauma patients do not have serious, life-threatening injuries. 90
What is the “Golden Period”? It is the start of the incident to surgery time
The leading killer of patients under the age of 44 in the United States is ____________. Trauma
Define a Level I Trauma Center: A level one, or regional trauma center is a hospital, usually a university teaching center, prepared and committed to handle all types of specialty trauma. These centers provide neurosurgery, often provide microsurgery (limb replantation), and care for the multisystem trauma patient.
While determining the _____________, you will identify the forces involved in a collision. Mechanism of injury (MOI)
In the ideal scenario, you should provide the primary and rapid trauma assessments, emergency stabilization, patient packaging, and initiation of transport in under ____ minutes. 10
_______________ trauma is the most common cause of trauma death and disability. Blunt
What is “Index of Suspicion”? It the anticipation of nature and the severity of likely injuries.
What is Newton’s first law of inertia? The first part is “A body in motion will remain in motion unless acted upon by an outside force” The second part is “A body at rest will remain at rest unless acted upon by an outside force”
What does the Law of Energy Conservation state? It states energy can neither be created nor destroyed – it can only be changed from one form to another.
What is kinetic energy? Kinetic energy is the energy of an object in motion. Kinetic energy = Mass (weight) X Velocity (Speed) 2
An automobile crash generates four major collisions – what are they? 1st – Vehicle collision, 2nd Body collision, 3rd, Organ collision, 4th Secondary collision
What are the three most general types of auto impacts? Frontal (62%), Lateral (23%), Rear-end (7%)
What are the differences between an adult vs. a pediatric being struck by a vehicle? An adult usually starts to turn away from the collision and the vehicle hits the side of the leg and because of the higher center of gravity, these patients are usually thrown onto the hood and into the windshield of the vehicle. Kids usually turn towards the vehicle or impact, because of the lower body heights they are frequently thrown in front of the vehicle.
The first organ of the body to experience the effects of trauma is the _______________________. Skin
The physical exchange of energy from an object through the skin and into the body’s interior describes _____________ trauma. Blunt
As you double the speed of an object, its ability to cause trauma is ____________________. Quadrupled – Kinetic Energy = Mass (weight) X Velocity (speed)2 / 2. If you double an objects mass, you double its kinetic energy – if you double an objects speed, you quadruple its kinetic energy.

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