PATHOLOGY EXAM

Question Answer
Your client has renal failure and needs renal dialysis. Which of the following massage considerations is NOT recommended for this client on this type of treatment? vigorous massage compliments this medical treatment
Which of the following is true regarding Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)? All of the above statements are true
Which of the following sexually transmitted infections is caused by Neisseria gonorrhea. Gonorrhea
What are the mumps? Viral infection that leads to enlargement of the parotid glands
Your 52-year-old client who is menopausal begins to feel very warm during your treatment. What is happening, and what should you do about it? She is having a hot flash; avoid over-heating her and ask how to make her comfortable
Your new client is a young man who complains of sudden "grabbing painA?A?A? on one side in the flank area of his back. It comes in waves, but never goes away. It started 2 days ago, and it is beginning to refer into his groin. He's never had this before, Delay his treatment until he has seen a doctor
Which of the following is not a term for kidney stones? Cholelithiasis
Which of the following sexually transmitted infections is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis? Chlamydia
What is an appropriate massage consideration for your client with bipolar disorder? All of the above are appropriate massage considerations
Which of the following describes an inguinal hernia? Protrusion of the intestine through the inguinal canal
What is the depression that occurs in relation to the seasons, most commonly the winter months when the day length is shorter and less natural sunlight in available? Seasonal Affective Disorder
The condition that is caused by Helicobacter pylorI is: Peptic ulcer
Your client has an urinary tract infection (UTI). Which of the following statement(s) are false? There are no massage considerations for a UTI
In general, for your client with a urinary pathology what would be an appropriate massage consideration? All of the above are appropriate massage considerations
Glomerulonephritis is the inflammation of what part of the kidney? Glomeruli
Your client brings you a report from their doctor that says they have "precipitation of an ionic solids in the urinary system, found in the renal pelvis, and in the urinary tractA?A?A?. The doctor is just saying that your client has kidney stones. What wo Avoid percussion over the kidneys
Your client brings you an x-ray report from their doctor that says they have "precipitation of ionic solids seen in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen at the area of the gallbladderA?A?A?. Based on the description, what would have been visible on the Cholelithiasis
Which of the following describes a femoral hernia? Protrusion of the intestine through the femoral canal
Which of the following statements is false regarding Ulcerative Colitis? There is the presence of "skip lesions
Which one of the following is NOT a condition that affects the prostate? Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)
Which of the following statements is false regarding renal failure? Massage is indicated for this condition
Which of the following statements is false regarding ddepression? Seasonal affective disorder is a depression occurring in relation to the seasons, most often summer
Which of the following statements best describes Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)? Delayed response of extreme anxiety resulting from a terrifying or life-threatening event
Which of the following statements are true regarding the Eating Disorders discussed in class? All of the above statements are true regarding the eating disorders discussed in class
Which of the following sexually transmitted infections is caused by Treponema pallidum? Syphilis
How would you differently treat a client with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome versus a client with Influenza (the flu)? In both cases, the clients are having symptoms of their respected condition. Massage is indicated for the client with chronic fatigue syndrome but it is contraindicated for the client with the flu.
Infectious Mononucleosis is caused by what virus? Epstein-Barr virus
What is it called when there is an infection of the lymph nodes? Lymphadenitis
What condition is the enlarged lymph nodes? Lymphadenopathy
What is it called when there is an infection of the lymphangions (lymphatic vessels and lymphatic capillaries)? Lymphangitis
What are the massage considerations for your client with lymphedema? Elevate the affected area.
Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding secondary lymphedema? It is due to a condition or medical procedure.
Which of the following definitions of the types of edema is incorrect. Peripheral edema – does not leave a dent after skin is compressed and released
Graves disease is an endocrine disorder that can also be classified Autoimmune disease
Absence of thyroid hormones in fetal life/early infancy (congenital hypothyroidism) leads to: Cretinism
Your client who has diabetes has enjoyed a long, late afternoon massage. As she gets ready to leave, you notice that she seems a little dizzy, disorientated, is cold and clammy. What is your best strategy? Offer her something sweet like juice or candy
What is a good treatment option for asthma? Specific attention to breathing muscles to improve efficiency of breathing and reduce fatigue.
This condition can cause impaired vision, kidney disease, ulcers, gangrene, amputations, Cardiovascular disease and neuropathies. Which condition is it? Diabetes
Which of the following is a Hyperthyroidism disorder/condition? Grave's Disease
Which of the following statements is true regarding diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus? Diabetes insipidus involves the insufficient production of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), while diabetes mellitus involves insulin issues.
Hypoglycemia is the condition of reduced blood glucose levels. Complete the statement for managing your client that may suffer from this condition: "Cold and clammy…A?A?A?? Need some candy
Hyperglycemia is the condition of high blood glucose levels. Complete the statement for managing your client that may suffer from this condition: "Hot and dry…A?A?A?? Sugar high
Which of the following statements is true of diabetic and/or peripheral neuropathies? All of the above are true.
Which of the following is contagious? Tuberculosis
Inflammation of the bronchial mucosa and mucus hypersecretion is: Bronchitis
Temporary cessation of breathing or absence of spontaneous breathing during sleep is called: Apnea
Which of the following statements regarding Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is FALSE? Persons with advanced emphysema are called "blue bloaters", while persons with chronic bronchitis are called "pink puffers".
What is the most common cause of pleurisy? Viral infection
What are the massage considerations for sinusitis? Massage is contraindicated during acute stages, otherwise avoid the prone position.
Abnormal accumulation of fluids from a sluggish or overloaded lymph transport system into surrounding tissues causes: Edema
Your client has Dystonia, their muscles are contracted and it's causing their body to be held in abnormal postures. What is the massage considerations for the client with this condition? All of the above are appropriate massage considerations
Rheumatoid arthritis is best classified as: Autoimmune disease
The main cause of pain in gout are tissue deposits of crystals composed of: Uric acid
Which of the following combinations is the most appropriate massage consideration for clients that suffer from Dementia such as Alzheimer Disease? The correct answer is: 1, 4
Your client has fractured the head of the radius when they slipped and fell on the ice. Which of the following would NOT be a massage consideration on the affected arm? Remove the cast so you can get to all the soft tissues involved
Which disease is characterized by inflammation of the synovial membrane, pannus formation, obliteration of the articular space and ankylosis? Rheumatoid arthritis
This disease involves loss of muscle strength, lack of coordination, progressive deformity, and eventual disability: Muscular dystrophy
Inflammation of the meninges most often caused by viral or bacterial infections is which of the following conditions? Meningitis
What condition is described as a neurological disorder characterized by explosive episodes of uncontrolled Seizure Disorder
According to what we studied in class and what your Pathology manual states, a client with which condition is the most susceptible to fractures? Osteoporosis
Which of the following diseases has the highest incidence among post- menopausal women? Osteoporosis
Which is the best description of osteoarthritis? A type of joint inflammation that is caused by repeated wear and tear of the articular cartilage, in synovial joints
What is the best approach to massaging your client with Bell's Palsy (Facial Palsy)? Use light gliding strokes directed upward , and kneading, percussion, and vibration on facial muscles
Which of the following is true regarding Multiple Sclerosis (MS): MS involves the demyelination of neurons in the Central Nervous System
Your client just came back from a hiking trip. They don't feel well and complains of headache and stiff neck. They are wearing shorts and you notice a rash on their calf area in the shape of a bulls-eye or target symbol. What do you suspect? Lyme disease
List the true symptom of meningitis: All of the above
Cerebral Palsy (CP) is characterized by: Impaired muscle tone, posture, movement, and speech
Which of the following is the correct combination of arthritis and finger deformities/deviations? All of the above are correct
Dystonia is: A neurological movement disorder characterized by continuous or intermittent, involuntary muscle contraction that cause twisting of the body into abnormal postures and repetitive motions
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome and Marfan's Syndrome are both conditions that affect the connective tissue. Therefore they have similar massage considerations. What would the massage consideration be? Extreme caution should be taken, as the client will be very prone to bruising and joint dislocation.
Your client reports that she had a thrombosis 8 weeks ago, what medication is she likely to be using to treat this condition? Anticoagulants
Which of the following is false regarding Atherosclerosis? Hardening of the small sized veins
What is one of the complications of a thromboembolism originating in the deep veins of the lower extremities which can cause death? Pulmonary embolism
What is hypertension? All of the above
Inflamed varicose veins in the anus or rectum are called: Hemorrhoids
The cause or origin of a particular disease is known as the disease's Etiology
Flag questionSelect one:a. Etiologyb. Comorbidity c. Morbidityd. ComplicationYour answer is correct.The correct answer is: EtiologyWhich of the following statements best describes Genetic disease? A disorder caused by an abnormality in the genom
This type of disease is caused by a lack of an essential vitamin, nutrient: Deficiency
What is the difference between an epidemic and a pandemic? An epidemic occurs when a disease affects a large number of people at the same time within a region and a pandemic involves large numbers of people in several regions
This type of disease is caused by the breakdown of tissue from overuse or due to the aging process: Degenerative
What is the best definition for a congenital disorder? A disorder present at birth
A condition that has an abrupt onset is said to be what kind of condition? Acute
This type of disease is caused by the body's inability to digest or absorb a nutrient: Deficiency
What is the difference between diagnosis and prognosis? Diagnosis determines the presence of a disease, which is based on the presence of physical signs and symptoms, medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and other procedures while prognosis is a prediction of the like
Human papilloma virus (HPV) has been known to be the cause of carcinoma of the: Cervix
The most malignant skin cancer presenting with a dark lesion on mostly sun exposed skin which metastasizes early is: Malignant melanoma
Benign bone tumor composed of cartilage cells is called: Chondroma
There are two types of tumour staging, the TNM staging and what? Roman numeral
In regards to cancer signs and symptoms, which of the following statements is correct? All of the above statements are correct
What type of cancer is the leading cause of death for both men and women? Lung cancer
Malignant tumor arising from bone tissue is called: Osteosarcoma
Which of the following client intake questions is the least important to ask your client that has cancer before you begin your massage therapy treatment? Ask about when their most recent bowl movement was.
Which of the following statement is true about Hodgkin's and non Hodgkin's lymphoma? Reed-Sternberg cells are present in Hodgkin's lymphoma and absent in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Benign tumor arising from connective tissue is called: Fibroma
Which of the following combinations of pathologies of the skin and their respected etiologies is false? Ringworm – Parasite
A client comes for massage and presents with several patches of elevated, thick, red-pink skin covered in dry plaques of silver-white scaly skin. The client says they are a little sensitive though they have had them for some time. The condition and massag Psoriasis, adjust pressure over the plaques as they are sensitive
Which of the following is true regarding burns? An example of a first-degree burn would be a sunburn
Ringworm and Athlete's foot are types of ______________________________________ skin infections: Fungal

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