history game

Question Answer
what is a written plan of government called constitution
What type of government has elected representatives govern for the people? representative democracy
What is the term for the sharing of power between the national and state governments? federalism
What is the term for an agreement made between nations? treaty
An addition or change to a constitution is known as an amendment
What is the term for a settlement of a dispute where each side gives up some demands? compromise
A legislative body made up of two parts is called? bicameral
What is another name for a representative democracy? republic
What is the type of government where a king or queen has ultimate authority? monarchy
What is the system called where each branch of government has power over the others, which keeps any one branch from becoming too powerful? checks and balances
What word means to approve or accept a law? ratify
To charge a public official with a crime is known as impeach
A proposal for a law is known as a? bill
What type of government has decisions made by all the people? democracy
Land that is part of a country but not yet a state is called a? territory
What word means to reject, as in a bill passed by Congress? veto
A loose organization or league of states is called a? confederation
Dividing government into branches each with defined duties is called? separation of power
What is the term for when there are increased prices for goods and services combined with a reduced value of money? inflation
How do citizens pay for services that governments provide? taxes
What constitution organized the first national government of the United States? articles of confederation
Why were the powers given to the confederation government limited? to keep power in the state governments
What law created a plan for dividing and selling land in the Northwest Territory? land ordinance of 1785
What were the two land divisions created by the Land Ordinance of 1785? townships and section.
What law organized government for the Northwest Territory and created a plan for territories to become states?
What problems did the Confederation government have? Economic Depression, inflation and inability to regulate foreign trade
Why was the Confederation government unable to solve economic problems such as the Revolutionary War debt, inflation and an economic depression? It lacked the power to tax and regulate money
What event in Massachusetts convinced people the Confederation government was too weak and needed to be changed? Shay’s Rebellion
What was the name of the May 1787 meeting held in Philadelphia to make changes to the Articles of Confederation that resulted in a new constitution being written? Constitutional Convention
Who was chosen to lead the Constitutional Convention? George Washington
Who was known as the "Father of the U.S. Constitution" because his ideas of government were incorporated into the Constitution and he took notes at the Convention? James Madison
What plan at the Constitutional Convention called for each state to have one vote in a national legislature? New Jersey Plan
What plan at the Constitutional Convention proposed a bicameral legislature based on population? Virginia Plan
What compromise at the Constitutional Convention resulted in Congress having a Senate with each state having two members and a House of Representatives based on population? great compromise
What was the dispute between North and South about counting slaves for representation in Congress? Southerners wanted slaves to be counted as part of state populations; northerners did not
What compromise at the Constitutional Convention solved the issue of counting slaves for representation in Congress? Three-Fifths Compromise
What compromise at the Constitutional Convention was made regarding importing new slaves? Slave importation would be allowed for 20 years; until 1807
What were three sources of inspiration for the U.S. Constitution? Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights and the Enlightenment
Why were some people, known as anti-Federalists, against the new constitution? The Constitution was too strong and lacked protections for individual rights
What compromise was made to convince people who were against the Constitution to accept it? A promise to add a Bill of Rights
Which branch of government makes laws? Legislative
Which branch of government enforces laws? Executive
Which branch of government judges those who break the law and the constitutionality of laws? Judicial
What determines the number of House representatives each state has? Population
How many U.S. Senators does each state have? Two
Which part of Congress has members that served terms of six years? Senate
Which part of Congress has members that served terms of two years? House of Representatives
You must be 35 years old, a native-born citizen and a resident of the US for 14 years. These are the requirements to become a _?_. US President
You must be 30 years old, U.S citizen for 9 years and live in the state you represent. These are the requirements to become a _?_. US Senator
You must be 25 years old, U.S citizen for 7 years and live in the state you represent. These are the requirements to become a _?_. US House Representative
What fraction of representatives is needed to override a veto in Congress? 2/3
How many executive departments does the president oversee to help enforce laws? 15
What branch of government determines how tax dollars are spent? Legislative
What branch of government has the power to propose amendments to the constitution? Legislative
What branch of government has the power to declare war and approve treaties? Legislative
What branch of government has the power to declare laws unconstitutional? Judicial
What branch of government has the power to veto bills? Executive
What branch of government has the power to appoint federal judges, ambassadors and cabinet members? Executive
What branch of government has the power to impeach the president? Legislative
What branch of government has the power to override vetoes? Legislative
Why is the U.S. Constitution considered the "Supreme Law of the Land"? No other laws or people may go against the US Constitution
What is the term for powers possessed by more than one level of government? Concurrent
What is the term for powers that are specifically saved for state governments? Reserved
What is the name of our national legislature? Congress
What are the three levels of courts in the federal government? District, Appeals and Supreme
What is the title of the chief of the executive branch in the federal government? President
A two-thirds vote of each part of Congress and a national convention requested by two-thirds of the states are the two ways to do what? Propose an amendment to the US Constitution
What fraction of states must ratify a proposal to change the constitution for it to become law? ?’s
What is the title of the chief executive of Ohio? Governor
What is the name of the Ohio’s legislature? General Assembly
What are the two parts of the Ohio General Assembly? House & Senate
Which level of government provides for public safety with police? State
Which level of government regulates foreign & interstate trade? Federal
Which level of government maintains armed forces? Federal
Which level of government establishes & maintains schools? State
Which level of government collects taxes? Concurrent
Which level of government makes marriage laws? State
Which level of government declares war & makes treaties? Federal
Which level of government coins & prints money? Federal
Which level of government maintains law and order? Concurrent
how many presidents have been impeached 2
how many vetos did fdr have 635
which two presidents have been impeached andrew jackson bill clinton
who is the cheif of executive branch president
all 33 amendments came from where congress
how many of the house members are in the ohio house 99
how many minutes do you get in the supreme court 30
how long do the supreme court justices serve for life
every how many years do they draw new boundry lines for districts 10
blank constitution is the shortest constitution in the world U.S

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