Chapter 17 A& P Chapter 17

Question Answer
Fibrous layer of clear tisue that extends over the anterior portion of the eye and is continuous with the white of the eye cornea
Yellowish region in the retina; contain the fovea centralis Macula lutea
What eye structure is transparent, biconvex, and focuses light on the retina Lens
Place where optic nerve fibers cross in the brain Optic chiasma
adjustment of the lens by the ciliary body accommodation
photosensitive receptor cells of the retina; make the perception of color possible cones
the combining form for cornea is kerat/o
the combining form for the ciliary body is cycl/o
the meaning of palpebr/o is eyelid
an eye inflammation commonly called "pinkeye" is conjunctivitis
impairment of vision due to old age presbyopia
myopia nearsightedness
astigmatism defective curature of the cornea or lens
glaucoma is primarily diagnosed by tonometry
a blind spot; area of depressed vision surrounded by an area of normal vision scotoma
macular degeneration produces loss of central vision
small hard mass on the eyelid; formed from a sebaceous gland enlargement chalazion
snail-shpaed, spirally wound tube in the innner ear is the cochlea
channel between the middle ear and the nasopharynx eustachian tube (auditory)
myring/o tymjpanic membrane
bacterial infection of the middle ear suppurative otitis media
tinnitus ringing sound in ears
visual examination of the ear otoscopy
nerve deafness occurring with aging presbycusis
fungal infection of the ear otomycosis
contains sensitive cells (rods and cones) that transmit light energy to nervous impulses retina
contains muscles that control the shape of the lens and secrete aqueous humor ciliary body
transparent body behind the iris and in front of the vitreous humor; refracts light rays to bring them into focus on the retina lens
jelly-like material behind the lens; helps to maintain the shape of the eyeball vitreous humor
dark center of the eye through which light rays enter pupil
vascular layer of the eyeball that is continuous with the iris choroid
delicate membrane lining the eyelids and covering the anterior eyeball conjunctiva
fibrous layer of clear tissue that extends over the anterior portion of the eyeball cornea
colored portion of the eye; surround the pupil iris
tough, white outer coat of the eyeball sclera
region at the back of the eye where the retina meets the optic nerve is optic disc
the normal adjustment of the lens to bring an object into focus is accommodation
a yellowish region on the retina lateral to the optic disc is macula
bending of light rays by the cornea, lens, and fluids of the eye is refraction
photosensitive receptor cells in the retina that make color perception possible are cones
photosensitive receptor cells that make vision in dim light possible are rods
anisocoria condition of pupils of unequal
anis/o unequal
papilledema swelling in the region of the optic disc
photophobia condition of sensitivity to (fear of) light
scotoma blind spot/area of darkened vision surrounded by clear vision
inflammation of an eyelid blepharitis
inflammation of the cornea keratitis
inflammation of the iris iritis
inflammation of the conjunctiva conjunctivitis
pertaining to within the eye; intraocular
inflammation of the vascular layer of the eye uveitis
condition of dry eyes xerophthalmia
outward deviation of the eye exotropia
inward deviation of the eye esotropia
absence of the lens of the eye aphakia
absence of vision in half of the visual field hemianopsia
presbyopia decreased vision at near resulting from old age
myopia nearsightedness
diplopia double vision
amblyopia decreased (dim) vision; lazy eye
hyperopia farsightedness
emmetropia normal vision
abnormal deviations of the eye strabismus
increased intraocular pressure results in retinal and optic nerve damage glaucoma
localized purulent infection of a sebaceous gland in the eyelid hordeolum (stye)
clouding of the lens causes decreased vision cataract
retinal microaneurysms, hemorrhages occur secondary to an endocrine conditon diabetic retinopathy
deterioration of the macula lutea of the retina macular degeneration
OU both eyes
od right eye
os left eye
perrla pupils equal, round reactive to light & accommodation
c. gl. with glasses
vf visual field
s. gl. with out glasses
organ of equalibrium in the in ear semicircular canals
ear wax cerumen
auditory fluid circulating in the inner ear perilymph and endolymph
tympanic membrane eardrum
removal of the third bone of the middle ear stapedectomy
instrument to measure hearing audiometer
deafness due to old age presbycusis
inflammation of the middle ear otitis media
surgical repair of the eardrum tympanoplasty
sensation of irregular or whirling motion vertigo
hardening of the bondy tissue of the middle ear otosclerosis
sensation of noises in the ears tinnitus
inflammation of the labyrinth labyrinthitis
inflammation of the eardrum of the inner ear with pus formation suppurative otitis media
inflammation of the middle ear otitis media
inflammation of the mastoid process mastoiditis
disorder of the labyrinth of the inner ear meniere disease
benign tumor arising for the acoustic vestibulocochlear nerve in the brain acoustic neuroma
collection of skins cells & cholesteral in a sac within the middle ear cholesteatoma
as left ear
eng electronystagmography/test of balance
eent eyes, ears, nose and throat
ad right ear
ent ears nose and throat
visual examination of the eye ophthalmoscopy
white portion of the eye sclera
fluid produced by the ciliary body; circulates through the anterior chamber of the eye aqueous humor
pupils are of unequal size anisocoria
delicate membrane lining the eyelids and covering the anterior eyeball conjunctiva
inflammation of the cornea keratitis
paralysis of the ciliary muscles of the eye cycloplegia
double vision diplopia
clouding of the lens, causing decreased vision cataract
abnormal deviaiton of the eye (esotropia and exotropia) strabismus
defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye astigmatism
small, hard cystic mass on the eyelid chalazion
impairment of vision due to old age presbyopia
nearsightedness myopia
inflammation of the iris iritis
loss of vision in one half of the visual field hemianopsia
swelling in the region of the optic disc papilledema
process of recording blood vessels in the back of the eye after IV injection of a dye fluorescein angiography
progressive damage to the yellowish region on the retina (lateral to and slightly below the optic disc) macular degeneration
absence of the lens of the eye aphakia
fluid contained in the inner part of the ear perilymph
maze-like series of canals of the inner ear labyrinth
the outer flap of the ear; auricle pinna
channel between the middle ear and the nasopharynx eustachian tube
waxy substance secreted by the external ear cerumen
collection of skin cells and cholesterol in a sac within the middle ear cholesteatoma
incision of the eardrum myringotomy
hardening of bony tissue in the inner; ankylosis of the stapes may occur otosclerosis
passages in the inner ear that are associated with maintaining equilibrium semicircular canals
specialist in the study of the ear and voice box otolaryngologist
sensationof noises (ringing, buzzing, whistling) in the ears tinnitus
sensationof irregular or whirling motion either of oneself or of external objects vertigo
surgical repair of a small bone in the middl eear ossiculoplasty
instrument to measure hearing audiometer
fungal infection of the ear otomycosis
channel leading from the outer ear flap to the eardrum auditory meatus
benign tumor arising from the 8th cranial nerve in the brain acoustic neuroma
a snail-shaped, spirally wound tube in the inner ear; contains hearing-sensitive cells cochlea
surgical repair of the eardrum tympanoplasty
inflammation of the middle ear with pus formation suppurative otitis media
unequal size of pupils anisocoria
substance filling space between the lens and cornea aqueous humor
inflammation of the eyelid blepharitis
clouding of the lens causing decreased vision cataract
membrane lining the eyelids/ covering anterior eyeball conjunctiva
tissue that extends over anterior portion of the eyeball cornea
each side of lens that connects the choroid and iris ciliary body
excessive flow of tears dacryorrhea
increased intraocular pressure results in damage to the retina glaucoma
medical doctor specialize in treating disorders of the eye ophthalmologist
pertaining to sound acoustic
outer flap of the ear pinna
fungal ear condition otomycosos
ringing in the ears tinnitus
surgical repair of the eardrum tympanoplasty
inision of the eardrum myringotomy
waxy discharge from the ear cerumen
dizziness vertigo
hearing impairment due to old age presbycussis
removal of a middle ear bone stapedectomy
inner ear labyrinth
wax found in the outer ear cerumen
a snail-shaped, spirally wound tube in the inner ear cochlea
clear tissue that covers the front portion of the eyeball cornea
small hard mass on the eyelid chalazion
clouding of the lens cataract
the flap, or outside part of the ear pinna
tube connecting the middle ear to the throat eustachian tube
3rd small bone in the middle ear stapes
ringing sound in the ears tinnitus
abnormal deviation of the eye caused by muscle weakness strabismus
impairment of vision due to old age presbyopia
surgical repair of the eardrum tympanoplasty
paralysis of the eye ophthalmoplegia
pertaining to the eustachian tube and the throat salpingopharyngeal
loss of one half of the visual field hemianopsia
inflammation of the vascular layer of the eye uevitis
condition of the absence of the lens aphakia
hardening of the bony tissue in the inner ear otosclerosis
fluid produced by the ciliary body and found in the anterior chamber of the eye aqueous humor
photorecepter cell in the retina; responsible for color and central vision cone
middle, vascular layer of the eye, between the retina and the sclera choroid
normal adjustment of the eye to focus on objects from far to near accommodation
tiny pit or depression in the retina that is the region of clearest vision fovea centralis
area behind the cornea and in fron of the lens and iris anterior chamber
having two sides that are rounded, elevated, and curved evenly; charasteristic of the lens of the eye biconvex
delicate membrane lining the eyelids and dovering the anterior eyeball conjunctiva
fibrous transparent layer of clear tissue that extends over the anterior portionof the eyeball cornea
structure on either side of the lens that connects the choroid and iris; it alters the shape of the lens ciliary body
soft, jelly-like material behind the lens; maintains the shape of the eyeball vitreous humor
color pigmented membrane surrounding the pupil of the eye iris
light sensitive nerve cell layer containing photoreceptor cells (rods and cones) retina
dark opening of the eys pupil
yellowish region on the retina, slightly below the optic disc; contains the fovea centralis macula
point at which optic nerve fibers cross in the brain optic chiasm
bending of light rays be the cornea, lens and fluids of the eye to bring them into focus on the retina refraction
region at the back of the eye where the optic nerve meets th retina optic disc
cranial nerve carrying impulses from the retina to the brain (cerebral cortex) optic nerve
transparent, biconvex body behind the pupil; it bends light rays to focus them on the retina lens
posterior, inner portion of the eye fundus of the eye
tough, white outer coat of the eyeball sclera
relay center of the brain;optic nerve fibers pass through the thalamus on their way to the cerebral cortex thalamus
carry impulses from iner ear to the brain (cerebral cortex) auditory nerve fibers
second little bone of the middle ear; shaped like an anvil incus
channel between the middle ear and the nasopharynx; audiotory tube eustachian tube
first little bone of the middle ear; shaped like a hammer malleus
fluid within the labyrinth of the ear endolymph
maze like series of canals within the inner ear labyrinth
channel that leads from the auricle to the eardrum; auditory meatus auditory canal
third small bone of the middle ear, shaped like a stirrup stapes
central cavity of the labyrinth, connecting the semicircular canals and the cochlea vestibule
eardrum tympanic membrane
membrane between the middle and inner ear oval window
sensitive auditory receptive are in the cochlea of the inner ear organ of corti
passages in the inner ear associated with maintenance of equilibrium semicircular canals
small bone ossicle
fluid contained in the labyrinth of the inner ear perilymph
acous/o hearing
ambyl/o dims; dull
anis/o unequal
aque/o water
audit/o hearing
aur/o ear
belphar/o eyelid
cochle/o cochlea (inner part of ear)
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva (lines the eyelids)
cor/o pupil
corne/o cornea
cycl/o ciliary body of eye
dacry/o tear
dipl/o double
glauc/o gray
ir/o iris (color portion of eye)
kerat/o cornea/ hard, horny tissue
lacrim/o tear/ tear duct
mi/o smaller /less
mydr/o widen/enlarged
myring/o tympanic membrane (ear drum)
nyct/o night
ocul/o eye
ophthalm/o eye
opt/o eye/vision
ossicul/o ossicle (small bone)
ot/o ear
palpebr/o eyelid
papill/o nipple like/ optic disk
phac/o lens of eye
phot/o light
presby/o old age
pupill/o pupil (dark center of eye)
retin/o retina
salping/o tube
scler/o sclera (white of eye)
scot/o darkness
staped/o stapes (middle earbone)
tympan/o eardrum (tympanic membrane)
uve/o uvea / vascular layer of eye
vitre/o glassy
xer/o dry
-cusis hearing
-opia vision condition
-otia ear condition
-meter instrument to measure
-metry process of measurement
-phobia fear
-plegia paralysis
-tropia to turn
small bone ossicle
normal adjustment of the lens by the ciliary muscle accommodation
having two sides that are rounded, elevated, and curved evenly biconvex
pertaining to the sense of smell olfactory
nearsightedness myopia
collection of skin cells and cholesterol in a sac within the middle ear cholesteatoma
tough, white, outer coat of the eyeball sclera
farsightedness hyperopia
colored portion of the eye iris
defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye astigmatism
delicate membrane lining the eyelids and covering the exposed surface of the sclera conjunctiva
maze-like series of canals in the inner ear labyrinth
IOL INTRAOCULAR LENS
AOM ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA
ENG ELECTRONYSTAGMOGRAPHY
VA VISUAL ACTIVTY
IOP INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE
ENT EAR NOSE THROAT
PERRLA PUPILS/EQUAL/ROUND
AMD AGE RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATIONS
VF VISUAL FIELD
PE TUBE PRESSURE EQUALIZING TUBE

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