chapter 10 and 22

Term Definition
obession involuntary, persistent idea or emotion
paranoia overly suspicious system of thinking
post-traumatic stress disorder the development of symptoms intense fear, insomnia following a traumatic event
mania elation or irritability
hallucination false or unreal sensory preception
euphoria exaggerated feeling of well-being, high
delusion a fixed, false belief that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence
compulsion uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly
apathy absence of emotions, lack of interest
anxiety varying degrees of uneasiness
amnesia loss of memory
psychologist a non medical professional who is trained in method of psychological testing, psychotherapy, analysis and research
forensic psychiatrist specializes in the legal aspects of psychiatry, such as determination of mental competence in criminal cases.
psychiatrist physician with medical training in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders
thrombus blood clot
dementia mental decline and deterioration
aneurysm enlarged, weakened area in an arterial wall
occlusion blockage
embolus clot of material that travels through the blood stream and suddenly blocks a vessel
palliative relieving symptoms but not curing them
gait manner of walking
MS multiple sclerosis
TIA transient ischemic attack
TBI traumatic brain injury
PET positron emission tomography
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
CT computed tompography
LP lumbar puncture
EEG electroencephalography
CVA cerebrovascular accident
CSF cerebrospinal fludi
CNS central nervous system
AD Alzheimer disease
stereo tactic radiosurgery use of a specialized instrument to locate and treat targets in the brain
positron emission tomography scan radioactive glucose is injected and then detected in the brain to image the metabolic activity of cells
magnetic resonance imaging magnetic field and pules of radio wave energy create images of the
lumbar puncture CSF is withdrawn from between two lumbar vertebrae for analysis
electroencephalography recording of the electrical activity of the brain
computed tomography of the brain CT computerized x-ray technique that generates multiple images of the brain and spinal cord
cerebrospinal fluid analysis samples of CSF are examines
cerebral angiography x-ray imaging of the arterial blood vessels in the brain after injection of contrast material
cerebral contusion bruising of brain tissue as a result of direct trauma to the head
cerebral concussion type of traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
Parkinson disease degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia, occurring in the later life and leading to tremors
palsy paralysis , partial or complete loss of motor function
myasthenia gravis autoimmune neuro muscular disorder characterized by weakness of voluntary muscles
multiple sclerosis destruction of the myelin sheath on neurons in the CNS and its replacement by plaques of sclerotic tissue
hydrocephalus abnormal accumulation of fluid in the brain
epilepsy chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem
Alzheimer disease brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deterioration
heningomyelocele both the spinal cord and the meninges
meningocele meninges protrude to the outside of the body
spina bifida congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column cause by imperfect union of vertebral parts
synapse space through which a nervous impulse travels between nerve cells or between nerve and muscle or glandular cells
sulcus, sulci depression or groove in the surface of the cerebral cortex
stimulus agent of change in the internal or external environment that evolves a response
spinal nerves thirty-one pairs of nerves arising from the spinal cord
sensory nerves carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord from a receptor
receptor organ that receives a nervous stimulus and passes it on to afferent nerves
plexus large, interlacing network of nerves
pia mater thin, delicate inner membrane of the meninges
peripheral nervous system nerves outside the brain and spinal cord
neuron nerve cell that carries impulses throughout the body
myelin sheath covering of white fatty tissue that surrounds and insulates the axon of a nerve cell
motor nerves carries messages away from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and organs
meninges 3 protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord
gyrus sheet of nerve cells that produce a rounded ridge on the surface of the cerebral cortex
ganglion collection of nerve cell bodies in the peripheral nervous system
dura mater thick, outermost layer of the meninges surrounding and protecting the brain and spinal cord
dendrite microscopic branching fiber of a nerve cell that is the first part to receive the nervous impulse
cranial nerves 12 pairs of nerves that carry messages to and from the brain with regard to the head and neck
cerebrum largest part of the brain, responsible for voluntary muscular activity vision, and speech
cerebrospinal fluid circulates throughout the brain and spinal cord
central nervous system the brain and the spinal cord
cell body part of a nerve cell that contains the nucleus
brainstem posterior portion of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord
axon microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell
autonomic nervous system nerves that control involuntary body functions of muscles, gland and internal organs
arachnoid membrane middle layer of the three membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord
functions of the nervous system brain, spinal cord, sensory organs and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. control of the body and communication among its parts
sthenia strength
praxia action
plegia paralysis
phasia speech
tax/o order, coordination
syncop/o cut off
neur/o nerve
myel/o spinal cord
my/o muscle
mening/o, meningi/o membranes, meninges
lex/o word, phrase
lept/o thin, slender
paresis slight paralysis
lepsy seizure
algia pain
-algesia excessive sensation to pain
kinesi/o, kines/o movement
esthesi/o feeling, nervous sensation
encephal/o brain
dur/o duramater
comat/o deep sleep
cerebr/o cerebrum
cerebell/o cerebellum
caus/o burning
ischemic stroke clots, within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain
hemorrhagic stroke Bleeds , when a weakened blood vessel ruptured
Tia ( transient ischemic attack ) Temporary clot
Shingles Herpes zoster a reaction of the chicken pox virus in the body causing a painful rash
Subdural hematoma Head injury strong enough to burst
Cerebral infarction An area of necrotic tissue in the brain resulting from a blockage or narrowing in the arties supplying blood and oxygen to the brain
Epidural hematoma Traumatic brain injury , in which a buildup of blood occurs between the duramater and skull
Anorexia disorder Refusal to maintain a minimal normal body weight
Bipolar disorder One or more manic episodes alternating with depressive episodes
Bulimia nervosa Binge eating followed by purging
Delirium An acute , temporary disturbance of consciousness characterized by mental confusion and often psychotic symptoms
Dementia Impairment of judgement , memory and abstract thinking
Psychotherapy Treatment of emotional problems and disorders using psychological techniques
Electroconvulsive therapy An electrical current is applied to the brain while the patient is anesthetized, with assisted ventilation
Psychopharmacology Treatment of psychiatric disorders with drugs
Schizophrenia Chronic psychotic disorder that may include hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, flat affect, lack of initiative
Depression Major mood disorder with chronic sadness, loss of energy, hopelessness, and worry
Hypn/o Sleep
Ment/o Mind
Neur/o Nerve
Phren/o Mind
Psych/o Mind
Somat/o Body
Mania Obsessive preoccupation
Phobia Fear
Thymia Mind
Genic Produced by
Phoria Feeling , bearing
AD Alzheimera??s disease
ADLs Activities of daily living
CNS Central nervous system
DT Delirium tremens
ECT Electroconvulsive therapy
PTSD Post traumatic stress disorder
Rx Therapy

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