Chapter 10

Term Definition
Sahel a region of Africa that divides the Sahara desert from wetter areas.
Savanna an area of open grassland, such as those in Southern Africa.
Griots storytellers who passed on oral tradition, helping to keep history alive for each new generation and were highly respected in their community.
Nok one of the earliest known African peoples to practice ironworking.
Bantu a group of related languages spoken by early African peoples.
Ezana king of Aksum who ruled at the time of Aksum?s defeat of the rival trading kingdom of Kush in 350.
Ge?ez the written and spoken language of Aksum.
Lalibela Zagwe king who built 11 Christian churches out of solid rock in the 1200s.
Swahili language that blended a Bantu language and Arab words, also the name of the blended African-Arab culture that developed on East Africa?s coast.
Sundiata Mali king who led the expansion of the empire to the Atlantic Ocean.
Mansa Musa famous ruler who led the Mali empire at its height.
Sunni Ali strong military leader of the Songhai Empire, who took control of the former Mali empire.
Askia Muhammad Songhai leader who ruled during the golden age of Songhai culture.

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