cell vocab 2

Question Answer
Cell (plasma) membrane separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment.
Cytoplasm is composed mainly of water and also contains enzymes, salts, organelles, and various organic molecules.
Nucleus is a membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditary information and controls the cell's growth and reproduction
Nucleous a membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditary information and controls the cell's growth and reproduction
Nuclear membrane s the double lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds the genetic material and nucleolus in eukaryotic cells.
Endoplasmic reticulum a network of membranous tubules within the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell, continuous with the nuclear membrane
Ribosomes hey bind messenger RNA and transfer RNA to synthesize polypeptides and proteins.
Mitochondria an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur.
Golgi body a complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, involved in secretion and intracellular transport.
Centrioles All animal cells have two small organelles known as centrioles. The centrioles help the cell to divide.
Vacuole space within a cell that is empty of cytoplasm, lined with a membrane, and filled with fluid
Lysosome an organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing degradative enzymes enclosed in a membrane.
Peroxisome membrane-bound organelle occurring in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells. Peroxisomes play a key role in the oxidation of specific biomolecules.
Chloroplasts chloroplast is the place in a plant cell where photosynthesis happens
Cell wall A cell wall is a structural layer that surrounds some types of cells, situated outside the cell membrane

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