_Health and Human_ Health and Human

Term Definition
Behavioural Determinants Actions or patterns of living of an individual that impact on health, such as smoking, sexual activity, participation in physical activity or eating practices.
Biological Determinants Factors relating to the body that impact on health, such as genetics, hormones, body weight, blood pressure, cholesterol or birthweight
Burden of Disease A measure of the impact of disease and injuries. Specifically it measures the gap between current health status and the ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called DALY
Determinants of Health Factors that raise or lower a level of health in a population or individual. Determinants of health help to explain or predict trends in health and why some groups have better or worse health than others. Determinants can be classified in many ways.
Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) A measure of burden of disease, one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due ti premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury.
Health A complete state of physical, social and mental wellbeing not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE) A measure of burden of disease based on life expectancy at birth, but including an adjustment for time spent in poor health. It is the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live, based on current rates of ill health and mortality.
Health Status An individual's or populations overall health, taking into account various aspects such as life expectancy, amount of disability and levels of risk factors.
Incidence The number of proportion of new cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time.
Life Expectancy An indication of how long a person can be expected to live, it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change.
Mental dimension of health State of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her own community.
Morbidity Refers to ill health in an individual and levels of ill health in a population or group.
Physical dimension of health Relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform physical tasks and physical fitness.
Physical Environment The physical surroundings in which we live, work and play. The physical environment included water and air, workplaces, housing, roads, nature, schools, recreation settings and exposure to hazards.
Prevalence The number of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time.
Social determinants Aspects of society and the social environment that impact on health, such as poverty, early life experiences, social networks and support.
Social Dimension of health Being able to interact with others and participant in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.
Under-five mortality Rate (U5MR) The number of deaths of children under five years of age per 1000 live births

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