4.4 The New South The New South

Question Answer
Sharecropping under this some system a farmer works a parcel of land in return for a share of the crops.
Crop-lien system A lien is a creditor’s legal claim on the debtor’s property.
poll taxes- Taxes imposed on every voter to keep the poor and African Americans from voting.
literacy tests Reading tests given to keep African Americans from being able to vote because most didn’t know how to read.
segregation The plan to keep African Americans and whites separate.
Madame C. J. Walker She was the first woman millionaire in America. She took her life savings of $1.50 and started to make hair care products for African Americans.
5 examples of Jim Crow Laws Laws that forced African Americans from sharing the same schools, churches, parks, public bathrooms, and railroad cars with Whites.
3 or more real signs that are representative of the Jim Crow Laws. Plessy v. Ferguson court case, poll taxes, and literacy tests.
Describe the court case Plessy v. Ferguson. Mr. Plessy (a black man) tried to ride on a train car that was for whites only. He was taken off the train. He went to court to say that he is equal to whites – but the judge told him he could be equal while he was kept separate.
How did the Jim Crow Laws and the Plessy v. Ferguson case affect African Americans in the South? It reminded African Americans that they were not equal to the white citizens.

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